Jumping is the most popular and widely recognized of all the equestrian disciplines.
It is one of the few sports where men and women compete equally with one another as both individuals and in team competitions.
Competitions are held over a course of jumping obstacles, including various styles of jumps such as verticals, spreads/oxers, double and triple combinations, which usually consist of many turns and changes of direction.
The objective is to jump the course within a time limit with the least amount of faults.
Time faults are given to those competitors who exceed the time allowed. Jumping faults are incurred for a knockdown or refusal of a jump(when a horse stops at a fence or runs out). After two refusals a competitor is eliminated from a competition. A refusal may also lead a rider to incur time faults.
The competitor with the least amount of faults and the fastest time wins.